Positive associations of dietary intake and plasma concentrations of vitamin E with skeletal muscle mass, heel bone ultrasound attenuation and fracture risk in the EPIC–Norfolk cohort

Mulligan, Angela, Hayhoe, Richard, Luben, Robert and Welch, Ailsa (2021) Positive associations of dietary intake and plasma concentrations of vitamin E with skeletal muscle mass, heel bone ultrasound attenuation and fracture risk in the EPIC–Norfolk cohort. Antioxidants, 10 (2). ISSN 2076-3921

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Abstract

The prevalence of sarcopenia, frailty and fractures is increasing. Prevention options are limited, but dietary factors including vitamin E have the potential to confer some protection. This study investigated cross-sectional associations between dietary and plasma concentrations of vitamin E with indices of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) (n = 14,179 and 4283, respectively) and bone density (n = 14,694 and 4457, respectively) and longitudinal fracture risk (n = 25,223 and 7291, re-spectively) in European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Norfolk participants, aged 39–79 years at baseline. Participants completed a health and lifestyle questionnaire, a 7-day diet diary (7dDD) and had anthropometric measurements taken. Fat-free mass (as a SMM proxy) was measured using bioimpedance and bone density was measured using calcaneal broad-band ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and incident fractures over 18.5 years of follow-up. Associations between indices of SMM, BUA and fracture risk were investigated by quintiles of dietary vitamin E intake or plasma concentrations. Positive trends in SMM indices and BUA were apparent across dietary quintiles for both sexes, with interquintile differences of 0.88%–1.91% (p < 0.001), and protective trends for total and hip fracture risk. Circulating plasma α-and γ-tocopherol results matched the overall dietary findings. Dietary vitamin E may be important for musculoskeletal health but further investigation is required to fully understand the relationships of plasma tocoph-erols.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sarcopenia,frailty,skeletal muscle,bone density status,fracture risk,vitamin e,sarcopenia,vitamin e,bone density status,frailty,fracture risk,skeletal muscle,molecular biology,biochemistry,physiology,clinical biochemistry,cell biology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1312
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2021 01:02
Last Modified: 13 May 2021 16:13
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/79120
DOI: 10.3390/antiox10020159

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