Health behaviour change during the UK COVID-19 lockdown: findings from the first wave of the C-19 health behaviour and wellbeing daily tracker study

Naughton, Felix, Ward, Emma, Khondoker, Mizanur, Belderson, Pippa, Minihane, Anne-Marie, Dainty, Jack R., Hanson, Sarah, Holland, Richard, Brown, Tracey and Notley, Caitlin (2021) Health behaviour change during the UK COVID-19 lockdown: findings from the first wave of the C-19 health behaviour and wellbeing daily tracker study. British Journal of Health Psychology, 26 (2). pp. 624-643. ISSN 1359-107X

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Abstract

Objectives: To provide baseline cohort descriptives and assess change in health behaviours since the UK COVID-19 lockdown. Design: A prospective cohort (N=1,044) of people recruited online, purposively targeting vulnerable populations. Methods: After a baseline survey (April 2020), participants completed 3 months of daily ecological momentary assessments (EMA). Dietary, physical activity, alcohol, smoking, vaping and substance use behaviours collected retrospectively for the pre-COVID-19 period were compared with daily EMA surveys over the first 30 days during early lockdown. Predictors of behaviour change were assessed using multivariable regression models. Results: 30% of the cohort had a COVID-19 at risk health condition, 37% were classed as deprived and 6% self-reported a mental health condition. Relative to pre-pandemic levels, participants ate almost one portion of fruit and vegetables less per day (vegetables mean difference -0.33, 95% CI -0.40, -0.25; fruit -0.57, 95% CI -0.64, -0.50), but showed no change in high sugar portions per day (-0.03, 95% CI -0.12, 0.06). Participants spent half a day less per week doing ≥30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (-0.57, 95% CI -0.73, -0.40) but slightly increased days of strength training (0.21, 95% CI 0.09, 0.34), increased alcohol intake (AUDIT-C score change 0.25, 95% CI 0.13, 0.37), though did not change smoking, vaping or substance use behaviour. Worsening health behaviour change was associated with being younger, female and higher body mass index. Conclusions: The cohort reported worsening health behaviours during early lockdown. Longer term changes will be investigated using further waves of data collection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: covid-19,behaviour change,ecological momentary assessment,health behaviours,intensive longitudinal design,applied psychology,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3202
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2020 00:50
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2021 02:42
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/77973
DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12500

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