Payment-by-Results for health interventions in low- and middle-income countries: A critical review

Duvendack, Maren (2020) Payment-by-Results for health interventions in low- and middle-income countries: A critical review. Development Policy Review. ISSN 0950-6764

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Motivation Payment‐by‐results (PbR) is now an important form of conditionality, whereby donors disburse development aid on achieving a pre‐agreed measure. Purpose The article presents a critical review of PbR for health interventions, aiming to draw out lessons about the implementation and impact of PbR in international development programmes. Approach and Methods An extensive search identified 81 studies that varied widely in terms of health sub‐themes, geographical regions and methodological quality. Findings Employing the Measure‐Agent‐Principal (MAP) framework we find that governments are the dominant principal in most of these studies, and health facilities and individuals the dominant agent; 60% of the evidence reports a wide range of heterogeneous output‐level measures. Policy implications We assess PbR in the context of health to better understand whether it is an effective aid‐delivery mechanism more broadly, and find that positive and significant effects dominate. We include evidence maps to highlight research gaps in the PbR literature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aid conditionality,aid delivery,critical review,health,payment-by-results,geography, planning and development,development,management, monitoring, policy and law,sdg 1 - no poverty ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3305
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2020 00:48
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2021 15:56
DOI: 10.1111/dpr.12538

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