Altering access to autobiographical episodes with prior semantic knowledge

Sheldon, Signy, Peters, Sarah and Renoult, Louis (2020) Altering access to autobiographical episodes with prior semantic knowledge. Consciousness and Cognition, 86. ISSN 1053-8100

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Abstract

Within autobiographical knowledge, semantic and episodic memory are traditionally considered separate, but newer models place them along a continuum, which raises the possibility of an intermediate form of knowledge - personal semantics. This study tested how different types of semantics – general semantics and two forms of personal semantics – impact access to personal episodic memories. In two experiments, participants made a series of true/false judgments about a prime statement, which reflected a general semantic fact, a context-dependent (e.g., repeated event) or context-independent (e.g., trait), personal semantic fact and then retrieved a specific past episodic memory. There was a significantly stronger priming effect for accessing specific episodic memories after judging personal semantic facts versus general facts. We also found that context-dependent and -independent personal semantic facts had separable priming effects on episodic memory. These findings support a continuum model of memory and verifies that there are multiple forms of personal knowledge.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2020 00:50
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2020 01:02
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/77789
DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2020.103039

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