Relative debrivation and hope: Predictors of risk Behaviour

Keshavarz, Shahriar, Coventry, Kenny R. and Fleming, Piers (2020) Relative debrivation and hope: Predictors of risk Behaviour. Journal of Gambling Studies. ISSN 1050-5350

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The belief that one is in a worse situation than similar others (Relative Deprivation) has been associated with involvement in a range of maladaptive escape behaviors, including excessive risk taking (Crosby 1976; Smith, Pettigrew, Pippin and Bialosiewicz 2012). Yet not everyone scoring high on measures of relative deprivation makes maladaptive choices. We hypothesized that hope (Snyder 2002) may ameliorate the negative effects of relative deprivation. In two laboratory-based experiments using a novel risk-taking task (N = 101) we show that hope reduces risk-taking behaviour in relatively deprived participants. A third study (N = 122) extended the moderating effect of hope on relative deprivation to real-world risk behaviour; increased hope was associated with decreased likelihood of loss of control of one’s gambling behaviour in relatively deprived individuals. Nurturing hope in relatively deprived populations may protect them against maladaptive behaviours with potential applications for harm reduction.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2020 01:11
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 00:55
DOI: 10.1007/s10899-020-09989-4

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