Low-carbon development via greening global value chains: A case study of Belarus

Wang, Huiqing, Hu, Yixin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3986-9059, Zheng, Heran, Shan, Yuli, Qing, Song, Liang, Xi, Feng, Kuishuang and Guan, Dabo (2020) Low-carbon development via greening global value chains: A case study of Belarus. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 476 (2239). ISSN 1364-5021

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The rise of global value chains (GCVs) has seen the transfer of carbon emissions embodied in every step of international trade. Building a coordinated, inclusive and green GCV can be an effective and efficient way to achieve carbon emissions mitigation targets for countries that participate highly in GCVs. In this paper, we first describe the energy consumption as well as the territorial and consumption-based carbon emissions of Belarus and its regions from 2010 to 2017. The results show that Belarus has a relatively clean energy structure with 75% of Belarus' energy consumption coming from imported natural gas. The 'chemical, rubber and plastic products' sector has expanded significantly over the past few years; its territorial-based emissions increased 10-fold from 2011 to 2014, with the 'food processing' sector displaying the largest increase in consumption-based emissions. An analysis of regional emissions accounts shows that there is significant regional heterogeneity in Belarus with Mogilev, Gomel and Vitebsk having more energy-intensive manufacturing industries. We then analysed the changes in Belarus' international trade as well as its emission impacts. The results show that Belarus has changed from a net carbon exporter in 2011 to a net carbon importer in 2014. Countries along the Belt and Road Initiative, such as Russia, China, Ukraine, Poland and Kazakhstan, are the main trading partners and carbon emission importers/exporters for Belarus. 'Construction' and 'chemical, rubber and plastic products' are two major emission-importing sectors in Belarus, while 'electricity' and 'ferrous metals' are the primary emission-exporting sectors. Possible low-carbon development pathways are discussed for Belarus through the perspectives of global supply and the value chain.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Data accessibility: The authors publish the territorial-based and consumption-based emission inventories as the electronic supplementary material for data re-use. The command file is published as well. All the data and results have been uploaded to the China Emission Accounts and Datasets (www.ceads.net) for free re-use. Funding: This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFA0602604), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41921005, 91846301, 41629501), the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NE/N00714X/1 and NE/P019900/1), the Economic and Social Research Council (ES/L016028/1) and the British Academy (NAFR2180103, NAFR2180104). Acknowledgements. The authors acknowledge the efforts and ‘crowd-sourcing’ work of the Applied Energy summer school 2018 held in Tsinghua University.
Uncontrolled Keywords: belarus,co 2 emissions,greening global value chains,input-output,mathematics(all),engineering(all),physics and astronomy(all),sdg 7 - affordable and clean energy ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2600
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2020 01:09
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2022 07:24
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/77576
DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2020.0024

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