Evolution under dietary restriction increases male reproductive performance without survival cost

Zajitschek, Felix, Zajitschek, Susanne R. K., Canton, Cindy, Georgolopoulos, Grigorios, Friberg, Urban and Maklakov, Alexei A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5809-1203 (2016) Evolution under dietary restriction increases male reproductive performance without survival cost. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283 (1825). ISSN 0962-8452

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Dietary restriction (DR), a reduction in nutrient intake without malnutrition, is the most reproducible way to extend lifespan in a wide range of organisms across the tree of life, yet the evolutionary underpinnings of the DR effect on lifespan are still widely debated. The leading theory suggests that this effect is adaptive and results from reallocation of resources from reproduction to somatic maintenance, in order to survive periods of famine in nature. However, such response would cease to be adaptive when DR is chronic and animals are selected to allocate more resources to reproduction. Nevertheless, chronic DR can also increase the strength of selection resulting in the evolution of more robust genotypes. We evolved Drosophila melanogaster fruit flies on ‘DR’, ‘standard’ and ‘high’ adult diets in replicate populations with overlapping generations. After approximately 25 generations of experimental evolution, male ‘DR’ flies had higher fitness than males from ‘standard’ and ‘high’ populations. Strikingly, this increase in reproductive success did not come at a cost to survival. Our results suggest that sustained DR selects for more robust male genotypes that are overall better in converting resources into energy, which they allocate mostly to reproduction.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 2 - zero hunger ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/zero_hunger
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2020 00:02
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2022 07:15
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/77208
DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.2726

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