Challenges in the diagnosis of dementia:insights from the United Kingdom-Brazil Dementia Workshop

Calil, Victor, Elliott, Emma, Borelli, Wyllians Vendramini, Barbosa, Breno José Alencar Pires, Bram, Jessyka, Silva, Felipe de Oliveira, Cardoso, Leonardo Galvão Machado, Mariano, Luciano Inácio, Dias, Natalia, Hornberger, Michael and Caramelli, Paulo (2020) Challenges in the diagnosis of dementia:insights from the United Kingdom-Brazil Dementia Workshop. Dementia & Neuropsychologia, 14 (3). pp. 201-208. ISSN 1980-5764

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Abstract

In July 2019, a group of multidisciplinary dementia researchers from Brazil and the United Kingdom (UK) met in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, to discuss and propose solutions to current challenges faced in the diagnosis, public perception and care of dementia. Here we summarize the outcomes from the workshop addressing challenges in diagnosis. Brazil faces a major problem in dementia underdiagnosis, particularly involving the population in an adverse socioeconomic context. There is poor availability of resources and specialists, and the knowledge of general practitioners and other healthcare professionals is far from satisfactory. Low education level is a further obstacle in diagnosing dementia, as the most commonly used screening tests are not designed to evaluate this population. Patients and their families must overcome the stigma of a diagnosis of dementia, which is still prevalent in Brazil and increases the burden of this condition. Whilst the UK has greater resources, dedicated memory services and a National Dementia Strategy plan, the National Health Service (NHS) has limited funding. Therefore, some challenges regarding diagnosis are common across both countries. The authors suggest possible solutions to confront these, with the goal of improving assessment and recognition of dementia and reducing misdiagnosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomarkers,cognitive impairment,dementia,diagnosis,neurobehavioral manifestations,sensory systems,neurology,geriatrics and gerontology,clinical neurology,cognitive neuroscience ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2809
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2020 23:57
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2020 23:56
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/77100
DOI: 10.1590/1980-57642020dn14-030001

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