A psychophysiological examination of the mutability of Type D personality in a therapeutic trial

Hodgson, Kirsty L., Clayton, Debbie A., Carmi, Michael A., Carmi, Louise H., Ruden, Ronald A., Fraser, William D. and Cameron, Donnie (2020) A psychophysiological examination of the mutability of Type D personality in a therapeutic trial. Journal of Psychophysiology. ISSN 0269-8803

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Abstract

Identifying the associations between health and personality has been a focus for psychophysiological research. Type D personality is associated with predisposition to physical and psychological ill-health. This statistician-blind parallel-group controlled trial (intervention group vs. waiting list control group) examined the impact of Havening Techniques on the Type D constituents of negative affect (NA) and social inhibition (SI). One hundred twenty-five adult (18+ years) participants in the United Kingdom (72 females, 53 males) completed the Type D Scale-14 (DS14) measure of Type D personality at baseline (T1), 24-hours (T2), and at 1-month (T3). Forty participants in the treatment group received additional stress biomarker assessment of heart rate, blood pressure, and salivary cortisol. Type D caseness remained stable in the waiting list participants (n = 57). In the treatment group (n = 68); NA, SI, and total scores decreased from T1 to T2 (p <.001, p <.001, and p <.001, respectively), and from T2 to T3 (p =.004, p <.001, and p <.001, respectively), significantly transmuting to non-caseness (p <.001 for T1 to T2; p =.025 for T2 to T3). Between T1 and T2, decreases in cortisol (p <.001), diastolic blood pressure (p <.001), and systolic blood pressure (p <.001) were demonstrated. Heart rate fell nonsignificantly between T1 and T2 (p =.063), but significantly from T1 to T3 (p =.048). The findings of this study indicate the potential mutability of the psychophysiological illness-prone characteristics of Type D personality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiovascular parameters,clinical trial,cortisol,havening techniques,type d personality,neuroscience(all),neuropsychology and physiological psychology,physiology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2020 23:53
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2020 00:04
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/77044
DOI: 10.1027/0269-8803/a000266

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