Early-life education may help bolster declarative memory in old age, especially for women

Reifegerste, Jana, Veríssimo, João, Rugg, Michael D., Pullman, Mariel Y., Babcock, Laura, Glei, Dana A., Weinstein, Maxine, Goldman, Noreen and Ullman, Michael T. (2020) Early-life education may help bolster declarative memory in old age, especially for women. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition. pp. 1-35. ISSN 1382-5585

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Abstract

Although declarative memory declines with age, sex and education might moderate these weaknesses. We investigated effects of sex and education on nonverbal declarative (recognition) memory in 704 older adults (aged 58–98, 0–17 years of education). Items were drawings of real and made-up objects. Age negatively impacted declarative memory, though this age effect was moderated by sex and object-type: it was steeper for males than females, but only for real objects. Education was positively associated with memory, but also interacted with sex and object-type: education benefited women more than men (countering the age effects, especially for women), and remembering real more than made-up objects. The findings suggest that nonverbal memory in older adults is associated negatively with age but positively with education; both effects are modulated by sex, and by whether learning relates to preexisting or new information. The study suggests downstream benefits from education, especially for girls.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging,declarative memory,education,episodic memory,nonverbal memory,sex differences,neuropsychology and physiological psychology,experimental and cognitive psychology,geriatrics and gerontology,psychiatry and mental health ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3206
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2020 23:59
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2020 00:05
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/76663
DOI: 10.1080/13825585.2020.1736497

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