Contrasting development trajectories for coastal Bangladesh to the end of century

Lázár, Attila Nándor, Nicholls, Robert James, Hall, Jim William, Barbour, Emily Jane and Haque, Anisul (2020) Contrasting development trajectories for coastal Bangladesh to the end of century. Regional Environmental Change, 20 (3). ISSN 1436-3798

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Abstract

Bangladesh is one of the most climate-sensitive countries globally, creating significant challenges for future development. Here we apply an integrated assessment model — Delta Dynamic Integrated Emulator Model (ΔDIEM) — to the south-west coastal zone of Bangladesh to explore the outcomes of four contrasting and plausible development trajectories under different climate and socio-economic scenarios: (1) embankment rehabilitation; (2) build elevation via controlled sedimentation; (3) planned migration (managed retreat) and (4) ‘do nothing’ (unplanned migration and abandonment). Embankment rehabilitation reduces flood risk, but at a high economic cost and enhancing waterlogging. Planned and unplanned migration combined with limited infrastructure management and governance both result in significant abandonment. Building elevation through sedimentation has the potential for increased environmental and economic sustainability but raises equity issues. Poverty and inequality persist across all scenarios, and outmigration from the coastal zone continues, although the magnitude is sensitive to assumptions about sea-level rise, socio-economic development and development trajectory. Integrated assessment tools linking the environment, people and policy choices, such as the ΔDIEM used here, highlight the complex interactions occurring in a dynamic delta environment. Such analysis supports informed management, development and adaptation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: coastal adaptation,delta,development trajectories,human wellbeing,integrated assessment model,policy options,global and planetary change ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2306
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > Tyndall Centre for Climatic Change
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2020 23:52
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2020 00:02
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/76448
DOI: 10.1007/s10113-020-01681-y

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