Structure-function relationships of the NsrR and RsrR transcription regulators

Volbeda, Anne, Crack, Jason C., Le Brun, Nick ORCID: and Fontecilla-Camps, Juan C. (2023) Structure-function relationships of the NsrR and RsrR transcription regulators. In: Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. Wiley.

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Protein-coordinated iron–sulfur clusters play multiple crucial functions in biological processes. One of these functions is the response to effectors that regulate gene expression. This response can be very variable. Several members of the Rrf2 family of bacterial transcriptional regulators contain [FeS] clusters that perform a variety of sensing roles, including those involved in controlling cellular iron levels (RirA), controlling [FeS] cluster synthesis (IscR), responding to nitrosative stress (NsrR), and monitoring and possibly regulating the redox status of the cell (RsrR). Cluster ligation and composition varies significantly, and, with the exception of RsrR, DNA binding is regulated by effector-dependent either partial or total cluster disassembly. Our own recent work has concentrated on the structure–function relationships of NsrR and RsrR, which coordinate [4Fe4S] and [2Fe2S] clusters, respectively. The reaction of nitric oxide with the NsrR [4Fe4S] cluster is progressive and modulates NsrR binding to different promotors. One consequence of cluster disassembly is the disruption of a key salt bridge that, in turn, causes a conformational change in the helix-turn-helix DNA-binding domain of NsrR. The case of RsrR is especially interesting because its DNA binding depends on a one-electron cluster redox change. This reduction causes the protonation of a neighboring His residue, which is followed by the generation of a protein cavity and the rotation of a tryptophan residue into it. Like in the case of NsrR, this rotation provokes a conformational change in the helix-turn-helix DNA-binding domain of the protein.

Item Type: Book Section
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Centre for Molecular and Structural Biochemistry
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Chemistry of Life Processes
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2020 03:28
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2023 10:30
DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc2704

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