Flavonoids from Sophora moorcroftiana and their synergistic antibacterial effects on MRSA

Wang, Shuang‐Ying, Sun, Zhong‐Lin, Liu, Tao, Gibbons, Simon, Zhang, Wen‐Ju and Qing, Mu (2014) Flavonoids from Sophora moorcroftiana and their synergistic antibacterial effects on MRSA. Phytotherapy Research, 28 (7). pp. 1071-1076. ISSN 0951-418X

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Abstract

Synergy is now a widely recognized approach that has direct applicability for new pharmaceuticals. The ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of the herb Sophora moorcroftiana showed significant antibacterial activity against drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and its minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was 8 µg/mL. In a phytochemical study of the extract, five flavonoids were obtained. However, the isolates exhibited antibacterial activity in the range of 32-128 µg/mL, which was weaker than the extract. In combination with antibiotics, the antibacterially inactive compound genistein (1) and diosmetin (4) showed significant synergistic activity against drug-resistant S. aureus. In combination with norfloxacin, genistein (1) reduced the MIC to 16 µg/mL and showed synergy against strain SA1199B with a fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) of 0.38. With the antibiotics norfloxacin, streptomycin and ciprofloxacin, diosmetin (4) showed synergy against SA1199B, RN4220 and EMRSA-15, with FICI values of 0.38, 0.38 and 0.09, respectively. In an efflux experiment to elucidate a plausible mechanism for the observed synergy, genistein showed marginal inhibition of the NorA efflux protein.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2020 23:51
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2020 23:51
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/76064
DOI: 10.1002/ptr.5098

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