Resource co-management as a step towards gender equity in fisheries

Freitas, Carolina T., Espírito-Santo, Helder M.V., Campos-Silva, João Vitor, Peres, Carlos A. and Lopes, Priscila F.M. (2020) Resource co-management as a step towards gender equity in fisheries. Ecological Economics, 176. ISSN 0921-8009

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Abstract

Women greatly contribute to fisheries worldwide, representing 47% of the global fisheries' workforce. Yet female fishing roles often go unrecognized. In the Brazilian Amazonia, arapaima (Arapaima spp.) co-management, which began in the 2000s, may represent a significant change in this scenario. To assess the impact of arapaima co-management on women recognition in fisheries, we conducted a comprehensive assessment at 54 fishing communities, across ~1500-km of a major Amazonian river. Based on quantitative data from interviews with 143 women, we show that arapaima co-management represented an innovative source of female income from fisheries and an unprecedented recognition of women participation in fishing activities. In communities with arapaima co-management, median female fishing revenue was US$ 215/yr and mean probability of women earning income from fisheries was 77%, a marked difference from the virtually non-existent female fishing income at communities without arapaima co-management (median = US$ 0; mean probability = 8%). Although many women often participate in commercial fisheries, arapaima co-management has been the only source of fishing income for most of them. We discuss the potentials, limitations and broad implications of our case study, which can serve as a model to be adapted to other extractive economies worldwide seeking to enhance gender equity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: amazonia,arapaima,female income,pirarucu,small-scale fisheries,women,environmental science(all),economics and econometrics ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2020 23:57
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2020 00:01
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/75937
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106709

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