Socioeconomic Drivers of Hunting Efficiency and Use of Space By Traditional Amazonians

Nunes, André Valle, Oliveira-Santos, Luiz Gustavo R., Santos, Bráulio A., Peres, Carlos A. and Fischer, Erich (2020) Socioeconomic Drivers of Hunting Efficiency and Use of Space By Traditional Amazonians. Human Ecology, 48 (3). 307–315. ISSN 0300-7839

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Abstract

Although critical in understanding human societies relying on natural game stocks, little attention has been paid to how socioeconomic traits can influence hunter behaviour. Our research focuses on whether village size, household size and age, and hunter age and monetary income affect hunting efficiency (catch-per-unit-effort) and catchment areas of traditional Amazonians. In collaboration with 13 volunteer hunters from six villages, we assessed social traits, and identified hunting areas with GPS and animal kills over six months. Contrary to expectations from central-place foraging, hunters in larger villages used smaller catchment areas, potentially because cassava-associated game species are more common near larger villages. Older hunters were more efficient, emphasizing the role of experience gained through time. Catchment areas increased with hunters’ income, but apparently the hunting efficiency did not. Overall results support the notion that a spatial arrangement of fewer large villages, rather than many small ones, maximizes hunting efficiency and minimizes catchment areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: brazilian amazon,central-place foraging,extractive reserve,game meat,gps-tracking,hunting efficiency,meat sharing networks,tropical forests,ecology,anthropology,arts and humanities (miscellaneous),environmental science (miscellaneous),sociology and political science ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2303
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2020 00:15
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2020 01:37
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/75575
DOI: 10.1007/s10745-020-00152-6

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