Protecting the Mental Health of Small-to-Medium Enterprise Owners: A Randomized Control Trial Evaluating a Self-Administered Versus Telephone Supported Intervention

Martin, Angela, Kilpatrick, Michelle, Scott, Jenn, Cocker, Fiona, Dawkins, Sarah, Brough, Paula and Sanderson, Kristy (2020) Protecting the Mental Health of Small-to-Medium Enterprise Owners: A Randomized Control Trial Evaluating a Self-Administered Versus Telephone Supported Intervention. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. ISSN 1076-2752

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Abstract

Objective: Small-medium enterprises (SMEs) are under-represented in occupational health research. Owner/managers face mental ill-health risks/exacerbating factors including financial stress and long hours. This study assessed the effectiveness of a mental health intervention specifically for SME owner/managers. Methods: 297 owner/managers of SMEs were recruited and invited to complete a baseline survey assessing their mental health and wellbeing and were then randomly allocated to one of three intervention groups: 1) self-administered, 2) self-administered plus telephone, or 3) an active control condition. After a four-month intervention period they were followed up with a second survey. Results: Intention to treat analyses showed a significant decrease in psychological distress for both the active control and the telephone facilitated intervention groups, with the telephone group demonstrating a greater ratio of change. Conclusion: The provision of telephone support for self-administered interventions in this context appears warranted.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 14 May 2020 00:07
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2020 00:00
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/75144
DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001882

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