Short-term trajectories of workplace bullying and its impact on strain: A latent class growth modeling approach

Rodriguez-Munoz, Alfredo, Antino, Mirko, Ruiz-Zorrilla, Paula, Sanz-Vergel, Ana and Bakker, Arnold B. (2020) Short-term trajectories of workplace bullying and its impact on strain: A latent class growth modeling approach. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 25 (5). 345–356. ISSN 1076-8998

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Abstract

The aim of this weekly diary study was (a) to identify trajectories of workplace bullying over time and (b) to examine the association of each cluster with strain indicators (i.e., insomnia and anxiety/depression). A sample of 286 employees during 4 weeks of data was used (N occasions = 1,144). Results of latent class growth modeling showed that 3 trajectories could be identified: a nonbullying trajectory, which comprised 90.9% of the sample; an inverted U trajectory; and a delayed increase bullying trajectory; the latter two each had 4.2% of the participants. We found a significant interaction between time and trajectories when predicting insomnia and anxiety/depression, with each strain showing a differential pattern with each trajectory. It seems that the negative effects on insomnia are long-lasting and remain after bullying has already decreased. In the case of anxiety and depression, when bullying decreases strain indicators also decrease. In this study, by examining trajectories of bullying at work over time and their associations with strain, we provide new insights into the temporal dynamics of workplace bullying.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: depression,insomnia,time,trajectories,workplace bullying,applied psychology,public health, environmental and occupational health ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3202
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 12 May 2020 23:59
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2020 00:16
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/75126
DOI: 10.1037/ocp0000232

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