Predictors of disengagement from Early Intervention in Psychosis services

Solmi, Francesca, Mohammadi, Abdolali, Perez, Jesus A., Hameed, Yasir, Jones, Peter B. and Kirkbride, James B. (2018) Predictors of disengagement from Early Intervention in Psychosis services. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 213 (2). pp. 477-483. ISSN 0007-1250

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Abstract

Background The effectiveness of Early Intervention in Psychosis (EIP) services for individuals with a first episode of psychosis (FEP) could be thwarted by high rates of early disengagement. Aims To investigate which factors predict disengagement with EIP services. Method Using data from a naturalistic cohort of 786 EIP clients in East Anglia (UK), we investigated the association between sociodemographic and clinical predictors and disengagement using univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. Results Over half (54.3%) of our sample were discharged before receiving 3 years of EIP care, with 92 (11.7%) participants discharged due to disengagement. Milder negative symptoms, more severe hallucinations, not receiving an FEP diagnosis, polysubstance use and being employed were associated with greater disengagement. Conclusions Our findings highlight heterogeneous reasons for disengagement with EIP services. For some patients, early disengagement may hinder efforts to sustain positive long-term EIP outcomes. Efforts to identify true FEP cases and target patients with substance use problems and more severe positive symptoms may increase engagement. (C) The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2018.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: early intervention services,psychosis,cohort study,social epidemiology of psychosis in east anglia,sepea,randomized controlled-trial,1st-episode psychosis,program,care,determinants,reliability,engagement,duration,pathways,illness
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 12 May 2020 00:10
Last Modified: 12 May 2020 00:10
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/75102
DOI: 10.1192/bjp.2018.91

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