Enteral hydration in high‐flow therapy for infants with bronchiolitis: Secondary analysis of a randomised trial

Babl, Franz E., Franklin, Donna, Schlapbach, Luregn J., Oakley, Ed, Dalziel, Stuart, Whitty, Jennifer, Neutze, Jocelyn, Furyk, Jeremy S., Craig, Simon, Fraser, John, Jones, Mark and Schibler, Andreas (2020) Enteral hydration in high‐flow therapy for infants with bronchiolitis: Secondary analysis of a randomised trial. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 56 (6). pp. 950-955. ISSN 1440-1754

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Abstract

Aim: Nasal high-flow oxygen therapy is increasingly used in infants for supportive respiratory therapy in bronchiolitis. It is unclear whether enteral hydration is safe in children receiving high-flow. Methods: We performed a planned secondary analysis of a multi-centre, randomised controlled trial of infants aged <12 months with bronchiolitis and an oxygen requirement. Children were assigned to treatment with either high-flow or standard-oxygen therapy with optional rescue high-flow. We assessed adverse events based on how children on high-flow were hydrated: intravenously (IV), via bolus or continuous nasogastric tube (NGT) or orally. Results: A total of 505 patients on high-flow via primary study assignment (n = 408), primary treatment (n = 10) or as rescue therapy (n = 87) were assessed. While on high flow, 15 of 505 (3.0%) received only IV fluids, 360 (71.3%) received only enteral fluids and 93 (18.4%) received both IV and enteral fluids. The route was unknown in 37 (7.3%). Of the 453 high-flow infants hydrated enterally patients could receive one or more methods of hydration; 80 (15.8%) received NGT bolus, 217 (43.0%) NGT continuous, 118 (23.4%) both bolus and continuous, 32 (6.3%) received only oral hydration and 171 (33.9%) a mix of NGT and oral hydration. None of the patients receiving oral or NGT hydration on high-flow sustained pulmonary aspiration (0%; 95% confidence interval N/A); one patient had a pneumothorax (0.2%; 95% confidence interval 0.0–0.7%). Conclusions: The vast majority of children with hypoxic respiratory failure in bronchiolitis can be safely hydrated enterally during the period when they receive high-flow.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bronchiolitis,enteral hydration,high-flow,nasogastric tube insertion,lidocaine,double-blind,nasal cannula oxygen,children,pediatrics, perinatology, and child health ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2735
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2020 00:45
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2020 23:45
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/74696
DOI: 10.1111/jpc.14799

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