Privatization or communalization: a multi-level analysis of changes in forest property regimes in China

He, Jun, Kebede, Bereket ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4163-6614, Martin, Adrian ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2916-7712 and Gross-Camp, Nicole (2020) Privatization or communalization: a multi-level analysis of changes in forest property regimes in China. Ecological Economics, 174. ISSN 0921-8009

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Abstract

Over recent decades, the Chinese government has invested heavily in improving the country’s forest tenure system through the Collective Forest Tenure Reform. This reform has primarily focused on privatization of collectively-owned forests, which has been perceived to improve effective forest management by providing incentives to farmers. This paper documents results of the Collective Forest Tenure Reform and the factors that have shaped these results through a multi-level analysis: at the national, regional, community and individual levels. It was found forest privatization implemented through the tenure reform was much less than what government expected. Instead, as shown in illustrative case-studies, people intend to retain the forest as common property in a way that creates a complex communal forest management system. The paper argued that while it is good the government is willing to improve forest tenure security for local people, there is a need to better consider the local perceptions of the tenure reform policy’s effectiveness and efficiency, and justice in forest management, and to understand the complexity of the pre-existing communal forest management system that exists throughout the country.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: collective forest tenure reform;,communal management,community forest,property rights,effectiveness,justice
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2020 07:43
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2022 05:32
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/74281
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106629

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