Machine learning parameterizations for ozone: climate model transferability

Nowack, Peer ORCID:, Ong, Qing Yee Ellie, Braesicke, Peter, Haigh, Joanna, Abraham, Luke, Pyle, John and Voulgarakis, Apostolos (2019) Machine learning parameterizations for ozone: climate model transferability. In: 9th International Workshop on Climate Informatics, 2019-10-02 - 2019-10-04.

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Many climate modeling studies have demonstrated the importance of two-way interactions between ozone and atmospheric dynamics. However, atmospheric chemistry models needed for calculating changes in ozone are computationally expensive. Nowack et al. [1] highlighted the potential of machine learning-based ozone parameterizations in constant climate forcing simulations, with ozone being predicted as a function of the atmospheric temperature state. Here we investigate the role of additional time-lagged temperature information under preindustrial forcing conditions. In particular, we test if the use of Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) neural networks can significantly improve the predictive skill of the parameterization. We then introduce a novel workflow to transfer the regression model to the new UK Earth System Model (UKESM). For this, we show for the first time how machine learning parameterizations could be transferred between climate models, a pivotal step to making any such parameterization widely applicable in climate science. Our results imply that ozone parameterizations could have much-extended scope as they are not bound to individual climate models but, once trained,could be used in a number of different models. We hope to stimulate similar transferability tests regarding machine learning parameterizations developed for other Earth system model components such as ocean eddy modeling, convection, clouds, or carbon cycle schemes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 13 - climate action ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/climate_action
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia Research Groups/Centres > Theme - ClimateUEA
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Climatic Research Unit
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2020 01:54
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2023 09:31

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