Cross-Sectional Associations Between Dietary Antioxidant Vitamins C, E and Carotenoid Intakes and Sarcopenic Indices in Women Aged 18–79 Years

Welch, A. A., Jennings, A., Kelaiditi, E., Skinner, J. and Steves, C. J. (2020) Cross-Sectional Associations Between Dietary Antioxidant Vitamins C, E and Carotenoid Intakes and Sarcopenic Indices in Women Aged 18–79 Years. Calcified Tissue International, 106 (4). 331–342. ISSN 0171-967X

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Abstract

The prevalence of sarcopenia is increasing in aging populations, so prevention is critical. Vitamins (A, C, E and carotenoids) modify skeletal muscle via protein and collagen synthesis and anti-inflammatory activities. Previous studies have not investigated intake of these vitamins in relation to sarcopenic indices in both younger and older-aged women. Indices of skeletal muscle mass (as fat-free mass (FFM) relative to body size) were measured using DXA and leg explosive power (LEP) using the Nottingham Power Rig in 2570 women aged 18-79 years. Adjusted measures of skeletal muscle were calculated according to quintiles of vitamin C, E, retinol and carotenoid intake, derived from Food Frequency Questionnaires, after stratification by age. Higher vitamin C intake was associated with significantly higher indices of FFM and LEP, (Q5-Q1 = 2.0-12.8%, P < 0.01-0.02). Intakes of total and individual carotenoids were significantly associated with indices of FFM and LEP (Q5-Q1 = 1.0-7.5%). Vitamin E was significantly associated with FFM% and FFM BMI only. In mutually adjusted analysis with vitamin C, total carotene, vitamin E and protein in the model, the strongest associations were with vitamin C. These associations were stronger in younger women (< 65 years). For the first time, our research shows higher dietary intakes of antioxidant vitamins, particularly vitamin C, is associated with higher skeletal muscle mass and power in free-living women. These findings have relevance for the treatment and prevention of frailty and sarcopenia throughout adulthood.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carotenes,diet,grip strength,sarcopenia,skeletal muscle,vitamin a,vitamin c,vitamin e,endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism,orthopedics and sports medicine,endocrinology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2712
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2019 03:18
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2020 23:56
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/73431
DOI: 10.1007/s00223-019-00641-x

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