The Importance of Being Earliest: Birth order and educational outcomes along the socioeconomic ladder in Mexico

Esposito, Lucio, Kumar, Sunil and Villasenor Lopez, Adrian (2020) The Importance of Being Earliest: Birth order and educational outcomes along the socioeconomic ladder in Mexico. Journal of Population Economics, 33 (3). 1069–1099. ISSN 0933-1433

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Abstract

We study the effect of birth order on educational outcomes in Mexico using 2 million observations from the 2010 Census. We find that the effect of birth order is negative, and a variety of endogeneity and robustness checks suggest a causal interpretation of this finding. We then examine whether these effects vary across households’ economic status, and we find significant heterogeneity across absolute as well as relative standards of living, operationalized as household wealth and relative deprivation. Finally, we find that firstborns’ advantage is amplified when they are male, and in particular when other siblings are female.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Literacy and Development Group
University of East Anglia Schools > Faculty of Science > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Behavioural and Experimental Development Economics
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2019 02:01
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2023 00:04
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/73114
DOI: 10.1007/s00148-019-00764-3

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