Fitness consequences of different migratory strategies in partially migratory populations: a multi-taxa meta-analysis

Buchan, Claire, Gilroy, James, Catry, Inês and Franco, Aldina (2020) Fitness consequences of different migratory strategies in partially migratory populations: a multi-taxa meta-analysis. Journal of Animal Ecology, 89 (3). pp. 678-690. ISSN 0021-8790

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Abstract

1.Partial migration – wherein migratory and non-migratory individuals exist within the same population – represents a behavioural dimorphism; for it to persist over time, both strategies should yield equal individual fitness. This balance may be maintained through trade-offs where migrants gain survival benefits by avoiding unfavourable conditions, while residents gain breeding benefits from early access to resources. 2.There has been little overarching quantitative analysis of the evidence for this fitness balance. As migrants – especially long-distance migrants – may be particularly vulnerable to environmental change, it is possible that recent anthropogenic impacts could drive shifts in fitness balances within these populations. 3.We tested these predictions using a multi-taxa meta-analysis. Of 2939 reviewed studies, 23 contained suitable information for meta-analysis, yielding 129 effect sizes. 4.Of these, 73% (n=94) reported higher resident fitness, 22% (n=28) reported higher migrant fitness, and 5% (n=7) reported equal fitness. Once weighted for precision, we found balanced fitness benefits across the entire dataset, but a consistently higher fitness of residents over migrants in birds and herpetofauna (the best-sampled groups). Residency benefits were generally associated with survival, not breeding success, and increased with the number of years of data over which effect sizes were calculated, suggesting deviations from fitness parity are not due to sampling artefacts. 5.A pervasive survival benefit to residency documented in recent literature could indicate that increased exposure to threats associated with anthropogenic change faced by migrating individuals may be shifting the relative fitness balance between strategies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Animal Ecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Ecological Society.
Uncontrolled Keywords: behavioural dimorphism,climate change,evolution of migration,migratory strategy,movement ecology,partial migration,migrant,predation,resident,shifts,bird-migration,evolution,climate-change leads,selection,reproductive success,phenology,ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics,animal science and zoology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1105
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2019 12:30
Last Modified: 30 May 2020 23:52
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/72924
DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.13155

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