Strategic approaches to restoring ecosystems can triple conservation gains and halve costs

Strassburg, Bernardo B.N., Beyer, Hawthorne L., Crouzeilles, Renato, Iribarrem, Alvaro, Barros, Felipe, de Siqueira, Marinez Ferreira, Sánchez-Tapia, Andrea, Balmford, Andrew, Sansevero, Jerônimo Boelsums Barreto, Brancalion, Pedro Henrique Santin, Broadbent, Eben North, Chazdon, Robin L., Filho, Ary Oliveira, Gardner, Toby A., Gordon, Ascelin, Latawiec, Agnieszka, Loyola, Rafael, Metzger, Jean Paul, Mills, Morena, Possingham, Hugh P., Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro, Scaramuzza, Carlos Alberto de Mattos, Scarano, Fabio Rubio, Tambosi, Leandro and Uriarte, Maria (2019) Strategic approaches to restoring ecosystems can triple conservation gains and halve costs. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 3 (1). pp. 62-70. ISSN 2397-334X

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Abstract

International commitments for ecosystem restoration add up to one-quarter of the world’s arable land. Fulfilling them would ease global challenges such as climate change and biodiversity decline but could displace food production and impose financial costs on farmers. Here, we present a restoration prioritization approach capable of revealing these synergies and trade-offs, incorporating ecological and economic efficiencies of scale and modelling specific policy options. Using an actual large-scale restoration target of the Atlantic Forest hotspot, we show that our approach can deliver an eightfold increase in cost-effectiveness for biodiversity conservation compared with a baseline of non-systematic restoration. A compromise solution avoids 26% of the biome’s current extinction debt of 2,864 plant and animal species (an increase of 257% compared with the baseline). Moreover, this solution sequesters 1 billion tonnes of CO 2 -equivalent (a 105% increase) while reducing costs by US$28 billion (a 57% decrease). Seizing similar opportunities elsewhere would offer substantial contributions to some of the greatest challenges for humankind.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics,ecology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1105
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 31 May 2019 15:32
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 07:42
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/71207
DOI: 10.1038/s41559-018-0743-8

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