Complications in DIEP flap breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer: A prospective cohort study comparing unilateral versus bilateral reconstructions

Wade, Ricky, Razzano, Sergio, Sassoon, Elaine M., Haywood, Richard, Ali, Rozina S. and Figus, Andrea (2017) Complications in DIEP flap breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer: A prospective cohort study comparing unilateral versus bilateral reconstructions. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 24 (6). pp. 1465-1474. ISSN 1068-9265

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

Background The demand for bilateral breast reconstructions is rising worldwide. In the UK, approximately 30% of breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy choose autologous tissue breast reconstruction. Although the deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is gaining popularity, bilateral DIEP flap breast reconstruction remains a complex procedure and reliable outcome data are lacking. In the absence of clinical trials, evidence from cohort studies is needed to better inform clinicians and patients. Methods Over a 6-year period, all consecutive patients undergoing DIEP flap breast reconstruction were prospectively included and categorized as unilateral or bilateral reconstruction for comparative analyses of outcomes and complications, with the patient as the unit of analysis. Results Overall, 565 DIEP flaps were performed on 468 women (371 unilateral and 97 bilateral reconstructions [194 flaps]). Postoperative complications requiring reoperation were twice as likely for bilateral reconstructions (risk ratio [RR] 2.1, 95% CI 1.4–3.4, p = 0.002) and were mainly due to venous congestion (RR 3.1, 95% CI 1.2–7.5, p = 0.011). The risk of total flap loss was six times greater in bilateral reconstruction (RR 6.4, 95% CI 1.6–26, p = 0.011). The rates of revision breast and abdominal surgery were similar between groups. Conclusions Both unilateral and bilateral DIEP flap breast reconstructions are safe, with a low risk of complications; however, bilateral reconstruction was associated with a higher risk of complications and total flap loss. This information should be highlighted to patients requesting bilateral breast reconstruction, particularly those requesting risk-reducing mastectomy and reconstruction.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2019 09:30
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 14:38
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/70405
DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5807-5

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item