On the Generalization of Intergroup Contact: A Taxonomy of Transfer Effects

Meleady, Rose, Crisp, Richard J., Hodson, Gordon and Earle, Megan (2019) On the Generalization of Intergroup Contact: A Taxonomy of Transfer Effects. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 28 (5). pp. 430-435. ISSN 0963-7214

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Abstract

The contact hypothesis proposes that bringing groups together under favorable conditions can improve intergroup relations. It is now well-established that intergroup contact can improve attitudes not only towards the outgroup as a whole but towards other, non-contacted groups (secondary transfer effect). We review evidence of a further, higher-order generalization effect whereby intergroup contact also impacts more general cognitive processes outside of the intergroup context (i.e. ‘tertiary transfer effects’). We present a taxonomy of transfer effects that explains these generalization effects as distinct outcomes of the contact process, yet contingent upon the same component process, specifically, the assessment of the semantic distance between the target (e.g. contacted individual) and the frame (e.g. group prototype). This conceptualization provides an explanatory framework for uniting the disparate forms of transfer effect in the contact literature, clarifying why primary and secondary transfer effects are facilitated by low semantic distance, and why contact is more cognitively demanding under conditions of high semantic distance (but with greater potential for cognitive growth).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: intergroup contact,prejudice,secondary transfer effect,cognitive liberalization
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 15:30
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2020 00:39
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/70363
DOI: 10.1177/0963721419848682

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