Phenotype and clinical outcomes of titin cardiomyopathy

Tayal, Upasana, Newsome, Simon, Buchan, Rachel, Whiffin, Nicola, Halliday, Brian, Lota, Amrit, Roberts, Angharad, Baksi, A. John, Voges, Inga, Midwinter, Will, Wilk, Alijca, Govind, Risha, Walsh, Roddy, Daubeney, Piers, Jarman, Julian W. E., Baruah, Resham, Frenneaux, Michael, Barton, Paul J., Pennell, Dudley, Ware, James S., Prasad, Sanjay K. and Cook, Stuart A. (2017) Phenotype and clinical outcomes of titin cardiomyopathy. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 70 (18). pp. 2264-2274. ISSN 0735-1097

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BACKGROUND: Improved understanding of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) due to titin truncation (TTNtv) may help guide patient stratification. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to establish relationships among TTNtv genotype, cardiac phenotype, and outcomes in DCM. METHODS: In this prospective, observational cohort study, DCM patients underwent clinical evaluation, late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance, TTN sequencing, and adjudicated follow-up blinded to genotype for the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, and major arrhythmic and major heart failure events. RESULTS: Of 716 subjects recruited (mean age 53.5 ± 14.3 years; 469 men [65.5%]; 577 [80.6%] New York Heart Association function class I/II), 83 (11.6%) had TTNtv. Patients with TTNtv were younger at enrollment (49.0 years vs. 54.1 years; p = 0.002) and had lower indexed left ventricular mass (5.1 g/m2 reduction; padjusted = 0.03) compared with patients without TTNtv. There was no difference in biventricular ejection fraction between TTNtv+/- groups. Overall, 78 of 604 patients (12.9%) met the primary endpoint (median follow-up 3.9 years; interquartile range: 2.0 to 5.8 years), including 9 of 71 patients with TTNtv (12.7%) and 69 of 533 (12.9%) without. There was no difference in the composite primary outcome of cardiovascular death, heart failure, or arrhythmic events, for patients with or without TTNtv (hazard ratio adjusted for primary endpoint: 0.92 [95% confidence interval: 0.45 to 1.87]; p = 0.82). CONCLUSIONS: In this large, prospective, genotype-phenotype study of ambulatory DCM patients, we show that prognostic factors for all-cause DCM also predict outcome in TTNtv DCM, and that TTNtv DCM does not appear to be associated with worse medium-term prognosis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent,adult,aged,aged, 80 and over,diagnostic imaging,child,cohort studies,genetics,female,follow-up studies,humans,male,middle aged,phenotype,prospective studies,single-blind method,treatment outcome,young adult
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2019 11:30
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 17:47
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2017.08.063


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