A bibliometric analysis assessing temporal changes in publication and authorship characteristics in The Knee from 1996 to 2016

Sheridan, G., Wisken, E., Hing, C.B. and Smith, T.O. (2018) A bibliometric analysis assessing temporal changes in publication and authorship characteristics in The Knee from 1996 to 2016. The Knee, 25 (2). pp. 213-218. ISSN 0968-0160

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Abstract

Background: Evidence-based practice is a foundation to clinical excellence. However there remains little evidence on the characteristics of authors who contribute to the evidence-base and whether these have changed over time. The purpose of this study was to explore these characteristics by undertaking a bibliometric analysis to explore publication and authorship characteristics in a leading sub-speciality orthopaedic journal (The Knee) over a 20-year period. Methods: All articles published in The Knee in 1996, 2006 and 2016 were identified. For each article, data collected included: highest academic award; profession; gender; continent of first and last author; total number of authors; the level of evidence; and funding source. We analysed temporal changes in these variables using appropriate statistical models. Results: A total of 413 papers were analysed. Between 1996 to 2016 there has been a significant increase in the overall number of authors, the number of paper submitted from Asia, the proportion of Level 1 or 2 tiered evidence, the proportion of people with Bachelor or Master-level degrees as their highest level of educational award and the proportion of non-medically qualified authors (P < 0.001). From 2006 to 2016 there was a significant increase in the proportion of articles whose first author was female (P = 0.03), but no significant change in the number of females as last author (P = 0.43). Conclusion: The findings indicate that there have been changes in publication and authorship characteristics in this sub-speciality orthopaedic journal during the past 20 years. This provides encouraging indication of greater diversification and internationalisation of orthopaedic research.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2019 10:30
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2019 10:36
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/69826
DOI: 10.1016/j.knee.2018.01.014

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