The impact of a pharmacist on post-take ward round prescribing and medication appropriateness

Bullock, B., Donovan, P., Mitchell, C., Whitty, J. A. and Coombes, I. (2019) The impact of a pharmacist on post-take ward round prescribing and medication appropriateness. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 41 (1). 65–73. ISSN 2210-7703

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Abstract

Background Medication communication and prescribing on the post-take ward round following patient admission to hospital can be suboptimal leading to worse patient outcomes. Objective To evaluate the impact of clinical pharmacist participation on the post-take ward round on the appropriateness of medication prescribing, medication communication, and overall patient health care outcomes. Setting Tertiary referral teaching hospital, Brisbane, Australia. Method A pre-post intervention study was undertaken that compared the addition of a senior clinical pharmacist attending the post-take ward was compared to usual wardbase pharmacist service, with no pharmacist present of the post-take ward round. We assessed the proportion of patients with an improvement in medication appropriateness from admission to discharge, using the START/STOPP checklists. Medication communication was assessed by the mean number of brief and in-depth discussions, with health care outcomes measured by comparing length of stay and 28-day readmission rates. Main outcome measures: Medication appropriateness according to the START/STOPP list, number and type of discussions with team members and length of stay and readmission rate. Results Two hundred and sixty patients were recruited (130 pre- and 130-post-intervention), across 23 and 20 post-take ward rounds, respectively. Post-intervention, there was increase in the proportion of patients who had an improvement medication appropriateness (pre-intervention 25.4%, post-intervention 36.9%; p = 0.004), the number of in-depth discussions about patients’ medication (1.9 ± 1.7 per patient pre-intervention, 2.7 ± 1.7 per patient post-, p < 0.001), and the number relating to high-risk medications (0.71 ± 1.1 per patient pre-intervention, to 1.2 ± 1.2 per patient post-, p < 0.05). Length of stay and 28-day mortality were unchanged. Conclusion Clinical pharmacist participation on the post-take ward round leads to improved medication-related communication and improved medication appropriateness but did not significantly improve health care outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: australia,communication,medication safety,prescribing,team work,ward round,pharmacy,toxicology,pharmacology,pharmaceutical science,pharmacology (medical) ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3600/3611
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2019 13:30
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2020 02:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/69653
DOI: 10.1007/s11096-018-0775-9

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