Faces in early visual environments are persistent not just frequent

Jayaraman, Swapnaa and Smith, Linda B (2018) Faces in early visual environments are persistent not just frequent. Vision Research. ISSN 0042-6989

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Abstract

The regularities in very young infants' visual worlds likely have out-sized effects on the development of the visual system because they comprise the first-in experience that tunes, maintains, and specifies the neural substrate from low-level to higher-level representations and therefore constitute the starting point for all other visual learning. Recent evidence from studies using head cameras suggests that the frequency of faces available in early infant visual environments declines over the first year and a half of life. The primary question for the present paper concerns the temporal structure of face experiences: Is frequency the key exposure dimension distinguishing younger and older infants' face experiences, or is it the duration for which faces remain in view? Our corpus of head-camera images collected as infants went about their daily activities consisted of over a million individually coded frames sampled at 0.2 Hz from 232 h of infant-perspective scenes, recorded from 51 infants aged 1 month to 15 months. The major finding from this corpus is that very young infants (1-3 months) not only have more frequent face experiences but also more temporally persistent ones. The repetitions of the same very few face identities presenting up-close and frontal views are exaggerated in more persistent runs of the same face, and these persistent runs are more frequent for the youngest infants. The implications of early experiences consisting of extended repeated exposures of up-close frontal views for visual learning are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 11:30
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 07:16
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/69252
DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2018.05.005

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