Spatiotemporal coordination of cell division and growth during organ morphogenesis

Fox, Samantha, Southam, Paul, Pantin, Florent, Kennaway, Richard, Robinson, Sarah, Castorina, Giulia, Sánchez-Corrales, Yara E., Sablowski, Robert, Chan, Jordi, Grieneisen, Verônica, Marée, Athanasius F. M., Bangham, J. Andrew and Coen, Enrico (2018) Spatiotemporal coordination of cell division and growth during organ morphogenesis. PLoS Biology, 16 (11). ISSN 1545-7885

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A developing plant organ exhibits complex spatiotemporal patterns of growth, cell division, cell size, cell shape, and organ shape. Explaining these patterns presents a challenge because of their dynamics and cross-correlations, which can make it difficult to disentangle causes from effects. To address these problems, we used live imaging to determine the spatiotemporal patterns of leaf growth and division in different genetic and tissue contexts. In the simplifying background of the speechless (spch) mutant, which lacks stomatal lineages, the epidermal cell layer exhibits defined patterns of division, cell size, cell shape, and growth along the proximodistal and mediolateral axes. The patterns and correlations are distinctive from those observed in the connected subepidermal layer and also different from the epidermal layer of wild type. Through computational modelling we show that the results can be accounted for by a dual control model in which spatiotemporal control operates on both growth and cell division, with cross-connections between them. The interactions between resulting growth and division patterns lead to a dynamic distributions of cell sizes and shapes within a deforming leaf. By modulating parameters of the model, we illustrate how phenotypes with correlated changes in cell size, cell number, and organ size may be generated. The model thus provides an integrated view of growth and division that can act as a framework for further experimental study.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Faculty of Science > School of Computing Sciences
Faculty of Science
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2018 15:33
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2022 04:15
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2005952


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