Enhanced visual search in infancy predicts emerging autism symptoms

Gliga, Teodora, Bedford, Rachael, Charman, Tony and Johnson, Mark H. and The BASIS Team (2015) Enhanced visual search in infancy predicts emerging autism symptoms. Current Biology, 25 (13). pp. 1727-1730. ISSN 0960-9822

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In addition to core symptoms, i.e., social interaction and communication difficulties and restricted and repetitive behaviors, autism is also characterized by aspects of superior perception. One well-replicated finding is that of superior performance in visual search tasks, in which participants have to indicate the presence of an odd-one-out element among a number of foils. Whether these aspects of superior perception contribute to the emergence of core autism symptoms remains debated. Perceptual and social interaction atypicalities could reflect co-expressed but biologically independent pathologies, as suggested by a "fractionable" phenotype model of autism. A developmental test of this hypothesis is now made possible by longitudinal cohorts of infants at high risk, such as of younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Around 20% of younger siblings are diagnosed with autism themselves, and up to another 30% manifest elevated levels of autism symptoms. We used eye tracking to measure spontaneous orienting to letter targets (O, S, V, and +) presented among distractors (the letter X; Figure 1). At 9 and 15 months, emerging autism symptoms were assessed using the Autism Observation Scale for Infants (AOSI;), and at 2 years of age, they were assessed using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS;). Enhanced visual search performance at 9 months predicted a higher level of autism symptoms at 15 months and at 2 years. Infant perceptual atypicalities are thus intrinsically linked to the emerging autism phenotype.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: physiology,diagnosis,eye movement measurements,female,humans,infant,interpersonal relations,longitudinal studies,male,models, statistical,predictive value of tests,physiology
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2018 14:30
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2023 08:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/68441
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.05.011

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