Complementary intestinal mucosa and microbiota responses to caloric restriction

Duszka, Kalina, Ellero-Simatos, Sandrine, Ow, Ghim Siong, Defernez, Marianne, Paramalingam, Eeswari, Tett, Adrian, Ying, Shi, König, Jürgen, Narbad, Arjan, Kuznetsov, Vladimir A., Guillou, Hervé and Wahli, Walter (2018) Complementary intestinal mucosa and microbiota responses to caloric restriction. Scientific Reports, 8. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

The intestine is key for nutrient absorption and for interactions between the microbiota and its host. Therefore, the intestinal response to caloric restriction (CR) is thought to be more complex than that of any other organ. Submitting mice to 25% CR during 14 days induced a polarization of duodenum mucosa cell gene expression characterised by upregulation, and downregulation of the metabolic and immune/inflammatory pathways, respectively. The HNF, PPAR, STAT, and IRF families of transcription factors, particularly the Pparα and Isgf3 genes, were identified as potentially critical players in these processes. The impact of CR on metabolic genes in intestinal mucosa was mimicked by inhibition of the mTOR pathway. Furthermore, multiple duodenum and faecal metabolites were altered in CR mice. These changes were dependent on microbiota and their magnitude corresponded to microbial density. Further experiments using mice with depleted gut bacteria and CR-specific microbiota transfer showed that the gene expression polarization observed in the mucosa of CR mice is independent of the microbiota and its metabolites. The holistic interdisciplinary approach that we applied allowed us to characterize various regulatory aspects of the host and microbiota response to CR.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2018 15:32
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 06:55
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/67954
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-29815-7

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