Does prolonged chewing reduce food intake? Fletcherism revisited

Smit, Hendrik Jan, Kemsley, E. Katherine ORCID:, Tapp, Henri S. and Henry, C. Jeya K. (2011) Does prolonged chewing reduce food intake? Fletcherism revisited. Appetite, 57 (1). pp. 295-298. ISSN 0195-6663

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Horace Fletcher (1849-1919) spread his doctrine to chew each mouthful thoroughly in order to prevent gaining weight. We sought to test this idea by manipulating chewing instructions whilst using electromyography to monitor chewing behaviour. Comparing 35 with 10 chews per mouthful, we showed that higher chewing counts reduced food intake despite increasing chewing speed, and despite doubling meal duration for achieving a subjective reference point for feeling 'comfortably full'. Although limited by a low sample size, our preliminary findings confirm Mr. Fletcher's doctrine, and provide a basis for further research in this area. Outcomes and implications are discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mastication,energy intake,electromyography,satiation,universal eating monitor,glucagon-like peptide-1,particle-size,energy-intake,bite size,satiety,women,obese,humans,mastication
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2018 15:33
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023 01:22
DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2011.02.003

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