Approaches to adulteration detection in instant coffees using infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics

Briandet, R., Kemsley, E. K. ORCID: and Wilson, R. H. (1996) Approaches to adulteration detection in instant coffees using infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 71 (3). pp. 359-366. ISSN 0022-5142

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Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is examined as a rapid alternative to wet chemistry methods for the detection of adulteration of freeze‐dried instant coffees. Spectra have been collected of pure coffees, and of samples adulterated with glucose, starch or chicory in the range 20–100 g kg−1. Two different FTIR sampling methods have been employed: diffuse reflectance, and attenuated total reflectance. Three different statistical treatments of the spectra were carried out. Firstly, the spectra were compressed by principal component analysis and a linear discriminant analysis performed. With this approach, a 98% successful classification rate was achieved. Secondly, a simultaneous partial least square regression was carried out for the content of three added carbohydrates (xylose, glucose and fructose) in order to assess the potential of FTIR spectroscopy for determining the carbohydrate profile of instant coffee. Lastly, the discrimination of pure from adulterated coffee was performed using an artificial neural network (ANN). A perfect rate of assignment was obtained. The generalization ability of the ANN was tested on an independent validation data set; again, 100% correct classifications were achieved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: coffee,adulteration,infrared,spectroscopy,principal component analysis,artificial neural networks
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2018 14:30
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2023 09:30
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199607)71:3<359::AID-JSFA593>3.0.CO;2-D

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