Lightning rods, earthquakes, and regional identities: Towards a multi-scale framework of assessing fracking risk perception

Pollard, James A. and Rose, David C. (2019) Lightning rods, earthquakes, and regional identities: Towards a multi-scale framework of assessing fracking risk perception. Risk Analysis, 39 (2). pp. 473-487. ISSN 0272-4332

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Hydraulic fracturing has provided a persistent, polarizing, and highly politicized source of controversy internationally and in numerous national contexts for just under a decade. This research uses hydraulic fracturing (i.e., fracking) operations in New Zealand as a vignette through which to understand the underlying causes of controversy and the appropriateness of attempts to address them. A multi‐method approach using interviews (n = 25), diagrammatic analysis, and newsprint media was applied to evidence two major findings. First, previous attempts to explain fracking controversy based on social constructivist theory lack a multi‐scalar approach to the assessment of factors that influence risk perceptions. It is found that risk perception surrounding fracking in New Zealand reflects intra‐scalar interactions between factors originating at the international, national, regional, and local scale. Second, there is a concerning absence of critique pertaining to the concept of “social license to operate” (SLO), which has been advocated both internationally and nationally as an appropriate form of stakeholder engagement. This article contributes to the SLO outcomes literature by establishing a need to consider multi‐scalar influences on risk perception when explaining diverse SLO outcomes in communities where fracking operations are prospective or already taking place.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Special Issue: Social Science of Automated Driving
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydraulic fracturing,risk perception,social license to operate
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 09:30
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 19:32
DOI: 10.1111/risa.13167


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