Are digital interventions for smoking cessation in pregnancy effective? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Griffiths, Sarah Ellen, Parsons, Joanne, Naughton, Felix, Fulton, Emily Anne, Tombor, Ildiko and Brown, Katherine E. (2018) Are digital interventions for smoking cessation in pregnancy effective? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Health Psychology Review, 12 (4). pp. 333-356. ISSN 1743-7199

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Smoking in pregnancy remains a global public health issue due to foetal health risks and potential maternal complications. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to explore: (1) whether digital interventions for pregnancy smoking cessation are effective, (2) the impact of intervention platform on smoking cessation, (3) the associations between specific Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) delivered within interventions and smoking cessation, and (4) the association between the total number of BCTs delivered and smoking cessation. Systematic searches of nine databases resulted in the inclusion of 12 published articles (n = 2970). The primary meta-analysis produced a sample-weighted odds ratio (OR) of 1.44 (95% CI 1.04–2.00, p=0.03) in favour of digital interventions compared with comparison groups. Computer-based (OR=3.06, 95% CI 1.28 – 7.33) and text-message interventions (OR=1.59, 95% CI 1.07 – 2.38) were the most effective digital platform. Moderator analyses revealed seven BCTs associated with smoking cessation: information about antecedents; action planning; problem solving; goal setting (behaviour); review behaviour goals; social support (unspecified); and pros and cons. A meta-regression suggested that interventions using larger numbers of BCTs produced the greatest effects. This paper highlights the potential for digital interventions to improve rates of smoking cessation in pregnancy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: systematic review,smoking,pregnancy,digital interventions,behaviour change techniques,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Health Promotion
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Lifespan Health
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2018 09:30
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 02:14
DOI: 10.1080/17437199.2018.1488602


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