Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among middle-aged and elderly adults in China: current status and temporal trends

Li, Wenzhen, Song, Fujian, Wang, Xiaojun, Wang, Longde, Wang, Dongming, Yin, Xiaoxv, Cao, Shiyi, Gong, Yanhong, Yue, Wei, Yan, Feng, Zhang, Hong, Sheng, Zhenjie, Wang, Zhihong and Lu, Zuxun (2018) Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among middle-aged and elderly adults in China: current status and temporal trends. Annals of Medicine, 50 (4). pp. 345-353. ISSN 0785-3890

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Abstract

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to estimate prevalence and distribution of MetS among middle-aged and elderly adults in China. Methods: The present analysis used data from a national study in 2014–2015. We defined MetS by different definitions, and compared results of the present study and previous nationally representative studies to illustrate possible temporal changes in MetS prevalence. Results: The estimated prevalence of MetS was 18.4% by the ATP III criteria, 34.0% by the revised ATP III criteria, and 26.9% by IDF criteria. The prevalence was higher in women, older adults, those with lower education level, and in economically developed regions. Contrasting with previous national studies, adults in urban areas had a lower rate of MetS than those in rural areas (odds ratio 0.94; 95% CI 0.92−0.97). Rural adults had worse deterioration or less improvement in abdominal obesity, overweight, hypertension, and high fasting plasma glucose, than urban adults, which was particularly striking for women. Conclusion: While measures to prevent and control cardiovascular diseases need to be strengthened in China, rapid increasing risk factors among rural residents and women should be prioritized in making public health policy decisions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Title changed post-acceptance
Uncontrolled Keywords: metabolic syndrome,prevalence,trends,epidemiology
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 02 May 2018 16:30
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2020 23:40
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/66927
DOI: 10.1080/07853890.2018.1464202

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