Ammonia oxidation: Ecology, physiology, biochemistry and why they must all come together

Lehtovirta-Morley, Laura E. (2018) Ammonia oxidation: Ecology, physiology, biochemistry and why they must all come together. FEMS Microbiology Letters. ISSN 0378-1097

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Ammonia oxidation is a fundamental core process in the global biogeochemical nitrogen cycle. Oxidation of ammonia (NH3) to nitrite (NO2 −) is the first and rate-limiting step in nitrification and is carried out by distinct groups of microorganisms. Ammonia oxidation is essential for nutrient turnover in most terrestrial, aquatic and engineered ecosystems and plays a major role, both directly and indirectly, in greenhouse gas production and environmental damage. Although ammonia oxidation has been studied for over a century, this research field has been galvanised in the past decade by the surprising discoveries of novel ammonia oxidising microorganisms. This review reflects on the ammonia oxidation research to date and discusses the major gaps remaining in our knowledge of the biology of ammonia oxidation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: nitrification,archaea,comammox,ammonia oxidising bacteria,niche specialisation,enzymology,sdg 15 - life on land ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/life_on_land
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Molecular Microbiology
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2018 14:30
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 18:35
DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fny058


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