Energy Supply Sustainability For Island Nations: A Study on 8 Global Islands

Ioannidis, Alexis and Chalvatzis, Konstantinos J. (2017) Energy Supply Sustainability For Island Nations: A Study on 8 Global Islands. Energy Procedia, 142. 3028–3034. ISSN 1876-6102

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Abstract

Energy supply sustainability is a multifaceted challenge for all countries and especially for small island nations that might have limited adaptive capacity. Previous studies showed that islands experience energy scarcity and isolation from energy markets due to their remote location. Our focus is on a range of islands spread out globally: Malta, Cyprus, Curacao, Mauritius, Iceland, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and Bahrain. They are selected for their varying energy development paradigms that facilitate cluster elicitation. For the first time, we combine the estimation of fuel mix diversity and energy import dependence with established metrics Shannon-Wiener index (SWI), Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI) and Energy Import Dependence to assess energy supply security. SWI and Energy Import Dependence are then presented against carbon intensity to highlight two angles of sustainable energy supply. We argue that islands are clustered to those that have fossil fuel reserves and are locked in low diversity, low dependence and high carbon intensity, those that rely almost exclusively on imported fossil fuel reserves and have low diversity and high dependence and high carbon intensity and finally those that have entered a decarbonization trajectory that allows them to reduce their fossil fuel import dependence, increase their diversity and reduce their carbon intensity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon intensity, dependence,diversity,islands,energy supply security
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
Faculty of Science > Tyndall Centre for Climatic Change
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2018 10:30
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2020 00:03
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/66185
DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.440

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