Pretreatment of lignocellulosic wheat straw in ethanolwater co-solvents

Zhang, Mingyu, Hui, K. S., Gong, Guifen, Hui, K. N. and Liu, Lizhu (2017) Pretreatment of lignocellulosic wheat straw in ethanolwater co-solvents. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, 51 (5-6). pp. 425-432. ISSN 0576-9787

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Abstract

Pretreatment is the key process for lignocellulosic biomass conversion, which is necessary to alter the structure of biomass to make cellulose and hemicellulose more accessible to the enzymes that convert the carbohydrate polymers into fermentable sugars. The present study reports the use of 15 ml ethanol-water co-solvents (1:1, v/v) for the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass (1.5 g) to produce cellulosic residual solid under varying conditions of temperature (220-310 °C) and time (20-100 min). Kinetic analysis was performed to examine the decomposition behavior of biomass in the co-solvents. The results showed that the optimal conditions for the pretreatment were 250 °C and 40 min. The maximum yield of residual solid under the optimized pretreatment conditions was 49.6% (0.744 g), which consisted of 91.4% holocellulose (cellulose and hemicellulose). Microstructure analysis showed that the compact monolithic structure of biomass had decomposed into a loose filamentous structure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ethanol-water co-solvents,holocellulose,lignin,lignocellulosic biomass,pretreatment
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Mathematics
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2018 16:30
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2020 01:56
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/66140
DOI:

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