Pregnancy in Diabetes: challenges and opportunities for improving pregnancy outcomes

Murphy, H. R., Bell, R., Dornhorst, A., Forde, R. and Lewis-Barned, N (2018) Pregnancy in Diabetes: challenges and opportunities for improving pregnancy outcomes. Diabetic Medicine, 35 (3). 292–299. ISSN 0742-3071

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Abstract

Our aim was to review the data from the National Pregnancy in Diabetes (NPID) audit, and to identify the challenges and opportunities for improving pregnancy outcomes in women with diabetes. We reviewed three years of NPID data and relevant diabetes and obstetric literature, and found that there has been little change in pregnancy preparation or outcomes over the past 3 years, with substantial clinic-to clinic variations in care. Women with Type 2 diabetes remain less likely to take 5 mg preconception folic acid (22.8% vs. 41.8%; P < 0.05), and more likely to take potentially harmful medications (statin and/or ACE inhibitor 13.0% vs. 1.8%; P < 0.05) than women with Type 1 diabetes. However, women with Type 1 diabetes are less likely to achieve the recommended glucose control target of HbA1c < 48 mmol/mol (6.5%) (14.9% vs. 38.1%; P < 0.05). The following opportunities for improvement were identified. First, the need to integrate reproductive health into the diabetes care plans of all women with diabetes aged 15–50 years. Second, to develop more innovative approaches to improve uptake of pre-pregnancy care in women with Type 2 diabetes in primary care settings. Third, to integrate insulin pump, continuous glucose monitoring and automated insulin delivery technologies into the pre-pregnancy and antenatal care of women with Type 1 diabetes. Fourth, to improve postnatal care with personalized approaches targeting women with previous pregnancy loss, congenital anomaly and perinatal mortality. A nationwide commitment to delivering integrated reproductive and diabetes healthcare interventions is needed to improve the health outcomes of women with diabetes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Working title: The National Pregnancy in Diabetes (NPID) audit: challenges and opportunities for improving pregnancy outcomes
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2018 15:30
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2020 01:27
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/66125
DOI: 10.1111/dme.13579

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