A mixture of Lactobacillus species isolated from traditional fermented foods promote recovery from antibiotic-induced intestinal disruption in mice

Shi, Ying, Zhao-Wilson, Xi, Jianxin, Zhao, Hao, Zhang, Zhai, Qixiao, Narbad, Arjan and Chen, Wei (2018) A mixture of Lactobacillus species isolated from traditional fermented foods promote recovery from antibiotic-induced intestinal disruption in mice. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 124 (3). 842–854. ISSN 1364-5072

[img]
Preview
PDF (Accepted manuscript) - Submitted Version
Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Aims: This study evaluated the antibiotic-induced changes in microbial ecology, intestinal dysbiosis and low-grade inflammation; and the combined effect of four different Lactobacillus species on recovery of microbiota composition and improvement of gut barrier function in mice. Methods and Results: Administration of the antibiotic ampicillin for 2 weeks decreased microbial community diversity, induced caecum tumefaction and increased gut permeability in mice. Application of a probiotic cocktail of four Lactobacillus species (JUP-Y4) modulated the microbiota community structure and promoted the abundance of potentially beneficial bacteria such as Akkermansia. Ampicillin administration led to a decline in Bacteroidetes from 46.6±3.91% to 0.264±0.0362%; the addition of JUP-Y4 restored this to 41.4±2.87%. This probiotic supplementation was more effective than natural restoration, where the levels of Bacteroidetes were only restored to 29.3%±2.07%. Interestingly, JUP-Y4 treatment was more effective in the restoration of microbiota in faecal samples than in caecal samples. JUP-Y4 also significantly reduced the levels of D-lactate and endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) in the serum of mice, and increased the expression of tight-junction proteins while reducing the production of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, MCP-1, IFN-γ and IL-1β) in the ileum and the colon of antibiotic-treated mice. Conclusions: JUP-Y4 not only promoted recovery from antibiotic-induced gut dysbiosis, but also enhanced the function of the gut barrier, reduced inflammation, and lowered levels of circulating endotoxin in mice. Significance and Impact of Study: Consumption of a mixture of Lactobacillus species may encourage faster recovery from antibiotic-induced gut dysbiosis and gut microbiota-related immune disturbance.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2018 17:30
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2020 00:43
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/65939
DOI: 10.1111/jam.13687

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item