The Impact of High-Frequency Weather Systems on SST and Surface Mixed Layer in the Central Arabian Sea

Zhou, Shenjie, Zhai, Xiaoming and Renfrew, Ian (2018) The Impact of High-Frequency Weather Systems on SST and Surface Mixed Layer in the Central Arabian Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 123 (2). pp. 1091-1104. ISSN 2169-9275

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Abstract

The role of high-frequency (sub-daily time scales) weather systems in modulating the sea surface temperature (SST) and the mixed layer (ML) depth in the central Arabian Sea is investigated using one-dimensional mixed-layer models for different monsoon seasons. Simulations forced by sub-hourly sampled meteorological variables, including surface wind, air temperature, humidity and cloud, are compared to simulations forced by daily-averaged meteorological variables. It is found that including high-frequency signals in the meteorological variables lowers the daily-mean SST (by 0.8°C on average) and damps its variability (the standard deviation decreases by 1.0°C), but has little systematic effect on the SST diurnal variability. There is a small but consistent deepening of the ML depth associated with the slightly intensified wind stress and heat loss due to high-frequency weather systems at this site. The cooling effect on the daily-mean SST is found to be closely related to the ML depth on daily-to-seasonal time scales. The impact of high-frequency weather systems is primarily driven by the high-frequency wind via the turbulent heat and momentum fluxes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: high-frequency weather systems,sea surface temperature,mixed layer depth,arabian sea
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2018 17:30
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2020 23:48
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/65937
DOI: 10.1002/2017JC013609

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