Implementing and Innovating Marine Monitoring Approaches for Assessing Marine Environmental Status.

Danovaro, Roberto, Carugati, Laura, Berzano, Marco, Cahill, Abigail E., Carvalho, Susana, Chenuil, Anne, Corinaldes, Cinzia, Sonia, Cristina, David, Romain, Dell'Anno, Antonio, Dzhembekova, Nina, Garces, Esther, Gasol, Joseph M., Goela, Priscila, Feral, Jean-Pierre, Ferrera, Isabel, Forster, Rodney M., Kurekin, Andrey A., Rastelli, Eugenio, Marinova, Veselka, Miller, Peter I., Moncheva, Snejana, Newton, Alice, Pearman, John K., Pitois, Sophie G., Rene, Albert, Rodrigez-Ezpeleta, Naiara, Saggiomo, Vincenzo, Simis, Stefan G.H., Stefanova, Kremena, Wilson, Christian, Lo Martire, Marco, Greco, Silvestro, Cochrane, Sabine K.J., Mangoni, Olga and Borja, Angel (2016) Implementing and Innovating Marine Monitoring Approaches for Assessing Marine Environmental Status. Frontiers in Marine Science, 3. ISSN 2296-7745

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Abstract

Marine environmental monitoring has tended to focus on site-specific methods of investigation. These traditional methods have low spatial and temporal resolution and are relatively labor intensive per unit area/time that they cover. To implement the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), European Member States are required to improve marine monitoring and design monitoring networks. This can be achieved by developing and testing innovative and cost-effective monitoring systems, as well as indicators of environmental status. Here, we present several recently developed methodologies and technologies to improve marine biodiversity indicators and monitoring methods. The innovative tools are discussed concerning the technologies presently utilized as well as the advantages and disadvantages of their use in routine monitoring. In particular, the present analysis focuses on: (i) molecular approaches, including microarray, Real Time quantitative PCR (qPCR), and metagenetic (metabarcoding) tools; (ii) optical (remote) sensing and acoustic methods; and (iii) in situ monitoring instruments. We also discuss their applications in marine monitoring within the MSFD through the analysis of case studies in order to evaluate their potential utilization in future routine marine monitoring. We show that these recently-developed technologies can present clear advantages in accuracy, efficiency and cost.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2018 14:32
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 06:04
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/65856
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00213

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