The tailored activity program (TAP) to address behavioral disturbances in frontotemporal dementia: a feasibility and pilot study

O'Connor, Claire M, Clemson, Lindy, Brodaty, Henry, Low, Lee-Fay, Jeon, Yun-Hee, Gitlin, Laura N, Piguet, Olivier and Mioshi, Eneida (2019) The tailored activity program (TAP) to address behavioral disturbances in frontotemporal dementia: a feasibility and pilot study. Disability and Rehabilitation, 41 (3). pp. 299-310. ISSN 0963-8288

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Purpose: To explore the feasibility of implementing the Tailored Activity Program with a cohort of people with frontotemporal dementia and their carers (dyads). Methods: The Tailored Activity Program is an occupational therapy based intervention that involves working collaboratively with family carers and prescribes personalized activities for behavioral management in people with dementia. Twenty dyads randomized into the study (Tailored Activity Program: n = 9; Control: n = 11) were assessed at baseline and 4-months. Qualitative analyzes evaluated feasibility and acceptability of the program for the frontotemporal dementia cohort, and quantitative analyzes (linear mixed model analyzes, Spearman’s rho correlations) measured the impact of the program on the dyads. Results: The Tailored Activity Program was an acceptable intervention for the frontotemporal dementia dyads. Qualitative analyses identified five themes: “carer perceived benefits”, “carer readiness to change”, “strategies used by carer to engage person with dementia”, “barriers to the Tailored Activity Program uptake/implementation”, and “person with dementia engagement”. Quantitative outcomes showed an overall reduction of behavioral symptoms (F18.34 = 8.073, p = 0.011) and maintenance of functional performance in the person with dementia (F18.03 = 0.375, p = 0.548). Conclusions: This study demonstrates the potential for using an activity-based intervention such as the Tailored Activity Program in frontotemporal dementia. Service providers should recognize that while people with frontotemporal dementia present with challenging issues, tailored therapies may support their function and reduce their behavioral symptoms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: frontotemporal dementia,dementia,tailored activity program,activities of daily living,behaviour,randomised-controlled trial
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2017 06:06
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2019 15:19
DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2017.1387614

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