Glaucoma and intraocular pressure in EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study: cross sectional study

Chan, Michelle P Y, Broadway, David C, Khawaja, Anthony P, Yip, Jennifer L Y, Garway-Heath, David F, Burr, Jennifer M, Luben, Robert, Hayat, Shabina, Dalzell, Nichola, Khaw, Kay-Tee and Foster, Paul J (2017) Glaucoma and intraocular pressure in EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study: cross sectional study. BMJ, 358. ISSN 0959-8138

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Abstract

Objectives: To report the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) by age and sex and the prevalence of glaucoma. Design: Community based cross sectional observational study. Setting: EPIC-Norfolk cohort in Norwich and the surrounding rural and urban areas. Participants: 8623 participants aged 48-92 recruited from the community who underwent ocular examination to identify glaucoma. Main outcome measures: Prevalence and characteristics of glaucoma, distribution of IOP, and the sensitivity and specificity of IOP for case finding for glaucoma. Results: The mean IOP in 8401 participants was 16.3 mm Hg (95% confidence interval 16.2 mm Hg to 16.3 mm Hg; SD 3.6 mm Hg). In 363 participants (4%), glaucoma was present in either eye; 314 (87%) had primary open angle glaucoma. In the remaining participants, glaucoma was suspected in 607 (7%), and 863 (10.0%) had ocular hypertension. Two thirds (242) of those with glaucoma had previously already received the diagnosis. In 76% of patients with newly diagnosed primary open angle glaucoma (83/107), the mean IOP was under the threshold for ocular hypertension (21 mm Hg). No one IOP threshold provided adequately high sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of glaucoma. Conclusions: In this British community, cases of glaucoma, suspected glaucoma, and ocular hypertension represent a large number of potential referrals to the hospital eye service. The use of IOP for detection of those with glaucoma is inaccurate and probably not viable.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2017 05:11
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2020 01:48
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/65019
DOI: 10.1136/bmj.j3889

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