Feedback on Trait or Action Impacts on Caudate and Paracingulum Activity

Appelgren, Alva and Bengtsson, Sara L (2015) Feedback on Trait or Action Impacts on Caudate and Paracingulum Activity. PLoS One, 10 (6). ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

There is a general conception that positive associations to one's trait, e.g. 'I'm clever', are beneficial for cognitive performance. Scientific evidence shows that this is a simplification. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study we used written trial-based trait feedback 'you are clever', or task feedback 'your choice was correct', on each correct response of a rule-switching task, to investigate how the character of positive self-associations influences performance outcome. Twenty participants took part in this crossover design study. We found that trait feedback was less beneficial for motivation and performance improvement, and resulting in enhanced neural activation on more difficult bivalent rule trials. This indicates that the task was treated as more complex in this condition. For example, 'you are clever' feedback led to enhanced activation in anterior caudate nucleus, an area known to process uncertainty. We further observed that activation in anterior paracingulate cortex was sensitive to whether self-reflection was imposed by external feedback or generated from internal processes, where the latter activation correlated positively with performance when following after task feedback. Our results illustrate how feedback can evoke self-reflections that either help or hinder motivation and performance, most likely by impacting on processes of uncertainty. The results support social psychological models stipulating that trait focus take resources away from task focus.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2017 05:06
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2020 00:51
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/64541
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129714

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