Identification of biomarkers for the management of human prostate cancer

Bogdan-Alexandru, Luca (2017) Identification of biomarkers for the management of human prostate cancer. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

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A critical problem in the clinical management of prostate cancer is that it shows high
intra- and inter-tumoural heterogeneity. As a result, accurate prediction of individual
cancer behaviour is not achievable at the time of diagnosis, leading to substantial
overtreatment. It remains an enigma that, in contrast to other cancers, no molecular
biomarkers which define robust subtypes of prostate cancer with distinct clinical
outcomes have been discovered.
In the first part of this study, using data from exon microarrays, we developed a novel
method that can identify transcriptional alterations within genes. The alterations might
be the result of chromosomal rearrangements, such as translocations, and deletions, or
of other abnormalities, such as read-through transcription and alternative transcriptional
initiation sites. Using data from two independent datasets we identify several candidate
alterations that are constantly correlated with the biochemical failure or that are linked
to the development of metastasis.
In the second part of the study we illustrate the application of an unsupervised
Bayesian procedure, which identifies a subtype of the disease in five prostate cancer
transcriptome datasets. Cancers assigned to this subtype (designated DESNT cancers)
are characterized by low expression of a core set of 45 genes. For the four datasets
with linked PSA failure data following prostatectomy, patients with DESNT cancer
exhibited poor outcome relative to other patients (p = 2.65 ・ 10−5, p = 4.28 ・ 10−5, p =
2.98 ・ 10−8 and p = 1.22 ・ 10−3). The DESNT cancers are not linked with the presence
of any particular class of genetic mutation, including ETS gene status. However, the
methylation analysis reveals a possible role of epigenetic changes in the generation of
the DESNT subtype. Our results demonstrate the existence of a novel poor prognosis
category of human prostate cancer and will assist in the targeting of therapy, helping
avoid treatment-associated morbidity in men with indolent disease.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Computing Sciences
Depositing User: Users 4971 not found.
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2017 08:48
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2019 00:38


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